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Know what is Female Genital Mutilation Day, why is celebrated – News18 Hindi


Every year on February 6, the International Day of Zero Tolerance Against Female Genital Mutilation, Female Genital Mutilation Day is observed every year on 6 February. With this, this goal has been set that by 2030 this practice of female genital mutilation should be eliminated. Currently there are about 200 million women and girls who are victims of this practice. At the same time, there is a danger of becoming a victim of this illusion of about 40 lakhs every year.

Celebrated to spread awareness
This day is celebrated to create awareness on the genital mutilation of girls and women and to explain how to take this evil practice towards the end. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a crime under human rights that affects many women and girls in the world. This mischief breaches his dignity. Harms their health and gives them pain of coercion. Sometimes he also dies due to this evil practice.

This practice continues in more than 92 countries of the world
Despite the ban, female genital mutilation continues in many parts of the world. According to data released by UNICEF in the year 2020, the genitals of around 200 million girls and women in the world were damaged. This data has been collected from 31 countries. Among them 27 countries are from Africa. In addition, data has also been collected from Maldives, Iraq, Indonesia and Yemen. According to a report recently released by Equality Now, this practice is still continuing in more than 92 countries of the world.

This is the situation in these countries

According to the report, more than 5,00,000 girls and women in the US underwent female genital mutilation (FGM) or were at risk. 60,000 in Europe, 50,000 or more in Australia, 70,000 in Germany, while the genitalia of 137,000 women and girls in Britain have been deformed and more than 67,000 are at risk.

What is Female Genital Mutilation
This practice of mutilating the genitals of girls and women is called female genital mutilation or FGM. In common parlance, it is also called circumcision of women. In this process, the outer genitals of the woman are cut. Girls undergoing this procedure have to go through problems like severe pain, excessive bleeding, infection, passing urine and shock.

This is history
In the year 2007, a joint program was launched by United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). In the year 2012, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution and on 6 February designated this day as the International Day of ‘zero tolerance against female genital mutilation’. On this day, a campaign called ‘A Peace of Me’ is organized by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) to convince the survivors of female genital mutilation (FGM) and to end the FGM.

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